Purpose/Objectives: To provide an overview of current issues surrounding the prevention of and screening for lung, breast, cervical, colorectal, ovarian, prostate, and skin cancer.
Data Sources: Original research, review articles, and published guidelines.
Data Synthesis: Although morbidity and mortality rates have decreased for these cancers, prevention and early detection still require increased funding and research.
Conclusions: More behavioral scientists must be trained in prevention and early detection of cancer, and increased research funding is necessary to encourage advances in primary and secondary prevention.
Implications for Nursing: Oncology nurses should incorporate appropriate prevention and early-detection strategies into practice.