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Article

Examining Emotional Outcomes Among a Multiethnic Cohort of Breast Cancer Survivors

Kimlin T. Ashing-Giwa
Jung-won Lim
ONF 2011, 38(3), 279-288 DOI: 10.1188/11.ONF.279-288

Purpose/Objectives: To describe emotional concerns among a multiethnic sample of breast cancer survivors from a clinically sensitive approach and to examine differences in emotional items according to demographic characteristics.

Design: Cross-sectional design.

Setting: California Cancer Surveillance Program, Los Angeles-area hospitals, and community agencies in southern California.

Sample: 703 multiethnic, population-based breast cancer survivors, including European, African, Latina, and Asian Americans.

Methods: Two emotional outcome subscales were assessed, one each from the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) and the SF-36®.

Main Research Variables: Emotional outcomes and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), as measured by FACT-G, SF-36, and demographic characteristics.

Findings: Emotional item responses measured by the FACT-G and SF-36 varied by ethnicity, income, education, employment status, language, and age. Overall, worry about the cancer getting worse or recurrence (FACT-G), as well as negative feelings about sadness or uncertainty (SF-36), were reported as the most bothersome concerns across all breast cancer survivors regardless of ethnic group.

Conclusions: Findings reveal unique patterns relevant to emotional outcomes on overall HRQOL scores. Clinically, this study suggests the need for greater attention and appreciation of the influence of demographic contexts on emotional well-being.

Implications for Nursing: The findings provide a unique observation of the use of individual item response to inform and enhance the assessment of emotional outcomes for clinical and scientific purposes.

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