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Feasibility Pilot on Medication Adherence and Knowledge in Ambulatory Patients With Gastrointestinal Cancer

Robin M. Sommers
Kathleen Miller
Donna L. Berry
ONF 2012, 39(4), E373-E379 DOI: 10.1188/12.ONF.E373-E379

Purpose/Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility of face-to-face education, a nurse-initiated telephone call, and patient use of medication diaries to support patients' self-reported medication adherence and knowledge of oral chemotherapy.

Design: Descriptive, feasibility pilot study.

Setting: An outpatient oncology unit at a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center.

Sample: 30 patients with gastrointestinal cancer who were prescribed at least one oral chemotherapy agent.

Methods: Participants received verbal and written education and a nurse-initiated educational telephone call within 72 hours of receiving education. Each was asked to complete a medication diary at home during the first cycle and the eight-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) at the end of the first cycle of oral chemotherapy.

Main Research Variables: Verbal and written education, telephone contacts, drug diary, self-reported medication adherence, and patient knowledge.

Findings: Most patients (n = 29) received both verbal and written education, participated by telephone (n = 25), and completed the medication diaries (n = 21) correctly. Seventeen participants documented side effects within the first 72 hours of treatment initiation, with eight participants needing additional assistance with management of side effects. At the end of the first cycle of therapy, MMAS-8 adherence scores were high (X = 7.89, SD = 0.55).

Conclusions: This study demonstrated the feasibility of a nurse-initiated educational and monitoring protocol for patients with gastrointestinal cancer receiving oral chemotherapy. In addition, the adapted MMAS-8 was a feasible adherence measure.

Implications for Nursing: Pilot findings support targeted nurse interventions with face-to-face and telephone education to enhance self-monitoring and adherence for patients with gastrointestinal cancer receiving oral chemotherapy.

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