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Perceived Benefits and Barriers of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Chinese American Women

Wei-Chen Tung
Minggen Lu
Michelle Granner
ONF 2017, 44(2), 247-254 DOI: 10.1188/17.ONF.247-254

Purpose/Objectives: To explore the perceived benefits and barriers to cervical cancer screening among Chinese American women using stages of the Transtheoretical Model of Change.


Design: Cross-sectional design with self-report surveys. 


Setting: Chinese communities (e.g., churches, supermarkets, restaurants) in Northern California and Northern Nevada. 


Sample: 121 Chinese women aged 21–65 years living in Northern California and Northern Nevada. 


Methods: A snowball sampling technique using personal contacts was used.


Main Research Variables: Stages of change and perceived benefits and barriers to cervical cancer screening. 


Findings: Participants in the action/maintenance stage were most likely to believe that cervical cancer was treatable if caught early. Women in the contemplation/preparation stage were more likely to state that they worried about or feared screening, that it was too expensive, and that they would want to use Chinese medicine to cure an illness before trying Western medicine. Women in the precontemplation/relapse stage were most likely to report that they did not know where to get screened and that their partner would not want them to be screened.


Conclusions: Perceived benefits and barriers to screening were differentially associated with the stages of change. Results may support culturally sensitive and theory-based programs to improve screening rates among Chinese American women. 


Implications for Nursing: The results suggest the importance of cultural sensitivity among nursing providers when working with Chinese Americans to provide more relevant, holistic care.

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