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Article

Experiences of Muslim Cancer Survivors Living in the United States

Fawwaz Alaloul
Barbara Polivka
Sadaf J. Warraich
Michael A. Andrykowski
ONF 2021, 48(5), 546-557 DOI: 10.1188/21.ONF.546-557

Purpose: To gain an understanding of the cancer diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship experiences of adult Muslim cancer survivors residing in the United States.

Participants & Setting: A purposive sample of 17 male and 15 female Muslim cancer survivors was recruited from across the United States. Data on Muslim cancer survivors’ experience were collected through individual, in-depth, semistructured interviews.

Methodologic Approach: An interpretive, descriptive, qualitative approach was used to gain an understanding of the experience of Muslim cancer survivors.

Findings: Six broad themes were identified to gain an understanding of the cancer experiences of adult Muslim cancer survivors residing in the United States: (a) cancer experience based on their belief in God, (b) hiding cancer diagnosis, (c) perceived strong social support, (d) making an effort to keep up with religious practices, (e) perceived discrimination in healthcare settings, and (f) importance of religion and cultural awareness.

Implications for Nursing: This study provided key information concerning the unique experience of Muslim cancer survivors residing in the United States. Identifying, understanding, and meeting survivors’ religious needs, as well as understanding their cancer experience, may reduce cancer health disparities and enhance health outcomes.

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