0
No votes yet

The Role of Oncology Nursing to Ensure Quality Care for Cancer Survivors: A Report Commissioned by the National Cancer Policy Board and Institute of Medicine

Betty R. Ferrell
Rose Virani
Stephany Smith
Gloria Juarez
ONF 2003, 30(1), E1-E11 DOI: 10.1188/03.ONF.E1-E11

Purpose: To examine the roles of oncology nurses in improving quality care for cancer survivors.

Data Sources: A content analysis of textbooks, journals, and key documents; surveys of graduate oncology nursing programs and the Oncology Nursing Society's Survivorship Special Interest Group; review of the nursing licensure examination and oncology nursing certification; review of undergraduate and graduate nursing standards; and review of currently funded nursing research.

Data Synthesis: Ten critical content areas of cancer survivorship were used for the analysis: description of population of cancer survivors, primary care, short- and long-term complications, prevention of secondary cancer, detecting recurrent and secondary cancers, treatment of recurrent cancer, quality-of-life issues, rehabilitative services, palliative and end-of-life care, and quality of care. Although findings within each source indicated significant information related to the roles of nurses in caring for cancer survivors, deficits also were identified.

Conclusions: Review of key literature and resources suggests significant contributions by oncology nursing over the past two decades to the area of cancer survivorship.

Implications for Nursing: Support is needed to expand education and research to ensure quality care for future cancer survivors.

References 

American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (1996). <i>The essentials of master's education for advanced practice nursing.</i> Washington, DC: Author.

American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (1998). <i>The essentials of baccalaureate education for professional nursing practice.</i> Washington, DC: Author.

Brant, J.M. (Ed.). (1996). <i>Statement on the scope and standards of oncology nursing practice.</i> Washington, DC: American Nurses Publishing.

Burke, C.C. (Ed.). (1998). <i>Psychosocial dimensions of oncology nursing care.</i> Pittsburgh, PA: Oncology Nursing Society.

Carroll-Johnson, R.M., Gorman, L.M., & Bush, N.J. (1998). <i>Psychosocial nursing care along the cancer continuum.</i> Pittsburgh, PA: Oncology Nursing Society.

Dow, K.H., & Ferrell, B.R. (1998). Mirror, mirror, on the wall: Description of body image among cancer survivors. <i>Quality of Life—A Nursing Challenge, 5</i>, 100-105.

Dow, K.H., Ferrell, B.R., & Anello, C. (1997). Balancing demands of cancer surveillance among survivors of thyroid cancer. <i>Cancer Practice, 5</i>, 289-295.

Ersek, M., Ferrell, B.R., Dow, K.H., & Melancon, C.H. (1997). Quality of life in women with ovarian cancer. <i>Western Journal of Nursing Research, 19</i>, 334-350.

Ferrans, C.E. (1994). Quality of life through the eyes of survivors of breast cancer. <i>Oncology Nursing Forum, 21</i>, 1645-1661.

Ferrell, B.R. (1996). The quality of lives: 1,525 voices of cancer. <i>Oncology Nursing Forum, 23</i>, 907-916.

Ferrell, B.R., Grant, M., Dean, G.E., Funk, B., & Ly, J. (1996). "Bone tired": The experience of fatigue and its impact on quality of life. <i>Oncology Nursing Forum, 23</i>, 1539-1547.

Ferrell, B.R., Grant, M., Funk, B., Garcia, N., Otis-Green, S., & Schaffner, M.L. (1996). Quality of life in breast cancer. <i>Cancer Practice, 4</i>, 331-340.

Ferrell, B.R., Grant, M., Funk, B., Otis-Green, S., & Garcia, N. (1997a). Quality of life in breast cancer—Part I: Physical and social well being. <i>Cancer Nursing, 20</i>, 398-408.

Ferrell, B.R., Grant, M., Funk, B., Otis-Green, S., & Garcia, N. (1997b). Quality of life in breast cancer—Part II: Psychological and spiritual well being. <i>Cancer Nursing, 21</i>, 1-9.

Ferrell, B.R., Grant, M., Funk, B., Otis-Green, S., & Garcia, N. (1997c). Quality of life in breast cancer survivors as identified by focus groups. <i>Psycho-Oncology, 6</i>(1), 13-23.

Ferrell, B.R., & Hassey-Dow, K. (1998). Breast cancer across the life span. <i>Quality of Life—A Nursing Challenge, 6</i>, 45-48.

Ferrell, B.R., Virani, R., & Grant, M. (1999). Analysis of end-of-life content in nursing textbooks. <i>Oncology Nursing Forum, 26</i>, 869-876.

Ganz, P.A. (2001). Late effects of cancer and its treatment. <i>Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 17</i>, 241-248.

Grant, M., Padilla, G., & Greimel, E.R. (1996). Survivorship and quality of life issues. In R. McCorkle, M. Grant, M. Frank-Stromborg, & S.B. Baird, (Eds.) <i>Cancer nursing</i> (2nd ed.) (pp. 1312-1321). Philadelphia: Saunders.

Hoffman, B. (1991). Employment discrimination: Another hurdle for cancer survivors. <i>Cancer Investigation, 9</i>, 589-595.

Itano, J.K., & Taoka, K.N. (Eds.). (1998). <i>Core curriculum for oncology nursing.</i> Philadelphia: Saunders.

Johnson, B.L., & Gross, J. (1998). <i>Handbook of oncology nursing</i> (3rd ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Leigh, S. (1998). Survivorship. In C.C. Burke (Ed.), <i>Psychosocial dimensions of oncology nursing care</i> (pp. 129-149). Pittsburgh, PA: Oncology Nursing Society.

Leigh, S. (2001). Preface: The culture of survivorship. <i>Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 17</i>, 234-235.

Lin, E.M. (Ed.). (2001). <i>Advanced practice in oncology nursing.</i> Philadelphia: Saunders.

McCorkle, R. (1996). Surviving breast cancer. In R. McCorkle, M. Grant, M. Frank-Stromborg, & S.B. Baird, (Eds.) <i>Cancer nursing</i> (2nd ed.) (pp. 893-898). Philadelphia: Saunders.

McCorkle, R., Grant, M., Frank-Stromborg, M., & Baird, S.B. (Eds.). (1996). <i>Cancer nursing</i> (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders.

McMillan, S., Heusenkveld, K., Chai, S., Murphy, C.M., & Huang, C. (2002). <i>Revising the blueprint for the oncology certified nurse (OCN®) examination: A role delineation study.</i> Retrieved October 2002 from <a target="_blank" href='http://www.ons.org/xp6/ONS/Library.xml/ONS_Publications.xml/ONF.xml/ONF2...

McMillan, S.C., Heusenkveld, K., & Spray, S. (1997). A study of the rose of the generalist oncology nurse as a basis for revision of the blueprint for certification. <i>Oncology Nursing Forum, 24</i>, 1371-1379.

McMillan, S.C., Heusenkveld, K., Spray, S., & Murphy, C.M. (1999). Revising the blueprint for the AOCN® examination using a role delineation study for advanced practice oncology nursing. <i>Oncology Nursing Forum, 26</i>, 529-537.

Miaskowski, C., & Buchsel, P. (1999). <i>Oncology nursing: Assessment and clinical care.</i> St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Oncology Nursing Society. (1995). <i>Standards of oncology nursing education, generalist and advanced practice levels.</i> Pittsburgh, PA: Author.

Otto, S. (2001). <i>Oncology nursing</i> (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Quigley, K.M. (1989). The adult cancer survivor: Psychosocial consequences of cure. <i>Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 5</i>, 63-69.

Wilmoth, M.C., & Sanders, L.D. (2001). Accept me for myself: African American women's issues after breast cancer. <i>Oncology Nursing Forum, 28</i>, 875-879.

Yarbro, C.H., Frogge, M.H., Goodman, M., & Groenwald, S.L. (Eds.). (2000). <i>Cancer nursing, principles and practice.</i> Boston: Jones and Bartlett.