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An Integrative Review of Self-Management Interventions for Treatment Sequelae in Adult Survivors

Seyedehtanaz Saeidzadeh
Stephanie Gilbertson-White
Faezeh Babaieasl
Jennifer DeBerg
Aaron T. Seaman
ONF 2021, 48(1), 94-111 DOI: 10.1188/21.ONF.94-111

Problem Identification: Self-management interventions support cancer survivors in addressing the consequences of treatment. With post-treatment survivors living longer, it is critical to know how research responds to their changing needs.

Literature Search: A comprehensive search of the CINAHL®, PsycINFO®, and PubMed® databases was performed. Articles were included if the self-management intervention was conducted on cancer-free adult survivors after completing primary treatment.

Data Evaluation: Each study was evaluated using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklist.

Synthesis: 38 articles were included. The majority of the interventions were designed for short-term survivors, with limited interventions found to support the self-management of long-term cancer survivors. When implementing self-management support, there is a need to use theoretical frameworks that can respond to the changing needs of cancer survivors over time.

Implications for Practice: Future research should provide support for long-term survivors. Oncology nurses can use the results of this review to identify gaps in the self-management education provided to cancer survivors.

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