Effects of a Mindfulness Intervention on Hospitalized Patients With Hematologic Malignancies and Their Caregivers

Maggie C. Compernolle

Jennifer A. Sledge

mindfulness, hematologic malignancies, psychological distress, caregiver, quality of life
ONF 2020, 47(1), 70-78. DOI: 10.1188/20.ONF.70-78

Objectives: To examine the effects of a mind–body intervention on the psychological distress of hospitalized patients with hematologic malignancies and their caregivers.

Sample & Setting: 29 patients with hematologic malignancies and 5 caregivers were recruited from the bone marrow transplantation unit at Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri.

Methods & Variables: After completing the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (RSCL) to rate their levels of psychological and physiologic distress and quality of life, participants were taught a mindfulness activity. Two weeks postintervention, participants completed the RSCL again, reported how often they practiced the activity, and answered qualitative questions regarding their experience.

Results: Participants reported increased relaxation and improved sleep and showed interest in practicing mindfulness as a part of their treatment plan.

Implications for Nursing: Nurses can help to alleviate symptoms of distress in patients with hematologic malignancies by integrating education on how to perform short and simple mindfulness activities into the care plan.

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